Which Symptoms of Depression Most Hamper Parenting?

Researchers at the University of Exeter have identified the symptoms of depression that are most likely linked to poor parenting.

Although the link between depression and poor parenting has already been identified, this is the first time that researchers have reviewed a variety of studies in order to identify the reasons behind parenting difficulties.

“We have looked at a wide range of research studies and identified multiple factors that link depression in adults to difficulties in their parenting role,” said Lamprini Psychogiou, Ph.D.

“This work will help identify areas in which future research is necessary in order to develop interventions that will prevent mental health issues from being transmitted from one generation to the next. We hope that this will go some way towards helping both depressed parents and their children.”

Depression, sometimes referred to as clinical depression, is a serious mental disorder characterized by overwhelming, daily feelings of sadness, a low mood, lack of energy, sleep and eating disturbances, and an inability to take pleasure in things that normal a person would enjoy. The symptoms must be present for two weeks or longer before it can be diagnosed.

Full story of depression and parenting at PsychCentral

TeachME Professional Development: New CEU Courses

Steps and Tools to Address Barriers to Learning

The purpose of this course is to provide strategies for schools to move forward in establishing the type of comprehensive system for addressing barriers to learning and teaching that can enable them to be more effective. The course material, provided by the UCLA Mental Health In Schools Center, also outlines planning and monitoring processes as well as resources, strategies, and practices that provide physical, social, emotional, and intellectual supports that will enable all pupils to have an equal opportunity for success at school. Lastly, methods for reshaping the functions of all school personnel who have a role to play in addressing barriers to learning and promoting healthy development are discussed along with ways to integrate their roles and functions into school improvement planning.

Psychological First Aid for Schools

This course was developed using the National Child Traumatic Stress Network publication, Psychological First Aid For Schools, Field Operations Guide, and will provide strategies to prepare school administrators, teachers, and school partnering agencies before a critical event occurs. Psychological First Aid for Schools (PFA-S), an evidence-informed intervention model to assist students, families, school personnel, and school partners in the immediate aftermath of an emergency, is designed to reduce the initial distress caused by emergencies, and to foster short- and long-term adaptive functioning and coping. Schools are typically the first service agencies to resume operations after a disaster/emergency and can become a primary source of community support during and after the incident, so this information will be beneficial to school personnel and community members.

Assessing the Well-Being of Our Nation’s Children

This course was developed using information from the Forum on Child and Family Statistics, and gives a brief overview of data that assesses the well-being of children and families. Domains that are addressed in the report include the Family and Social Environment, Economic Circumstances, Health Care, Physical Environment and Safety, Behavior, Education, and Health. Current statistics are presented as well as changes and trends in children’s overall health and status.

For these new courses and many more, visit TeachME CEUs

Depressed moms, depressed offspring: An unbroken chain?

A baby born to a woman who suffers depression during pregnancy stands a higher likelihood of becoming a depressed adolescent than does his or her nursery-mate born to a nondepressed mother, a new study finds.

A large British study also found that among those with less education, a mother’s postpartum depression — as well as a father’s depression following his baby’s birth — similarly raised the odds that that offspring would go on the become depressed. Mothers and fathers with more education who became depressed after a baby’s birth appeared less likely to sow the seeds of later depression in the child.

The child’s odds of going on to suffer depression rose steadily as the severity of his mother’s depression during pregnancy increased. And for women with lower education, a case of severe postpartum depression was linked to a higher likelihood that her child would suffer depression by late adolescence than if her postpartum symptoms were milder.

The findings, published Wednesday in the journal JAMA Psychiatry, underscore the importance of treating depression in pregnant women, the authors wrote. And they suggest that a child whose mother was depressed while carrying him would be a good candidate for early intervention aimed at nipping melancholia in the bud.

Full story of depression between moms and offspring at The Los Angeles Times

ADHD Linked To Inner Ear Problems; Could Studying Poor Hearing Lead To New, Innovative ADHD Treatment?

According to Discovery Fit & Health, an inner ear dysfunction in children could cause neurological changes that lead to behavioral abnormalities related to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Therefore, adolescents who suffer from inner ear problems could be at risk of developing ADHD, according to a recent study.

ADHD Linked to Inner Ear ProblemsFindings published online in the journal Science reveal that children and adolescents with severe inner ear problems could develop behavioral problems, such as hyperactivity. When a Ph.D. student at Albert Einstein College of Medicine noticed that some mice in a laboratory were continuously chasing their own tails, researchers — including Dr. Jean Herbert, a neuroscience and genetics professor at the college — decided to examine if poor hearing and restlessness were caused by a faulty gene in animals and humans,reports the Daily Mail. Inner ear problems typically derive from genetic defects, though they can also stem from infection or injury.

The scientists took healthy mice and deleted the gene associated with poor hearing from either the inner ear, various parts of the brain that control movement, or the entire central nervous system (CNS). Patients of severe inner ear problems have a mutation of the gene Slc12a2, which mediates the transport of sodium, potassium, and chloride molecules in various tissues, including those in the inner ear and CNS, according to the Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University.

Full story of ADHD and ear problems at Medical Daily

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Helping Adults With Autism Find Meaning: Roses for Autism

There are countless great causes out there, but there is one in particular that has touched my heart, for personal reasons: Roses for Autism. As the father of a teenage son with autism, I worry a great deal about his future as an adult and how my wife and I can help him be as independent as possible. Roses for Autism was introduced to me a few years ago by a friend who knew about their incredible programs for training and employing adults on the autism spectrum. From that moment I was hooked and have done everything I can to promote their revolutionary and much needed approach to training our fellow adult citizens with autism. In case you were not aware, autism currently affects one in 88 children.

I recently had an opportunity to interview Tom Fanning, the President and CEO of Ability Beyond Disability, which is the parent organization of Roses for Autism. He has worked tirelessly to create an organization devoted to developing creative strategies and effective services that enable people with disabilities to participate fully in their communities and live a life of independence

Tom, thank you for taking time out of your hectic schedule for this interview. Can you tell me about the origins of Roses for Autism?

“Started in 2009, Roses for Autism is a social enterprise (nonprofit mission-aligned business) devoted to helping people with autism spectrum Differences learn the essential skills required to achieve meaningful employment and personal success. The idea came from the father of a child on the spectrum, who wanted more for his son after he aged out of traditional education within the school system. He believed his son could attain employment if he was provided the right training and support. This man partnered with a lifelong friend who owned the last family operated rose farm in New England, and together with Ability Beyond Disability, they created Roses For Autism.

Full story of adults finding meaning in autism at the Huffington Post

Healthy Kids: Recognizing mood disorders in children and adolescents

As an adult, you probably know someone – or know someone who knows someone – who suffers from major depression or bipolar disorder.

The National Institute of Mental Health reports that approximately 20.9 million American adults, or 9.5 percent of the U.S. population age 18 and older, have a mood disorder.

Recently, what had been considered an “adult only” concern has become more common in the pediatric population.

According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, about one in 100 children has bipolar disorder (a disorder that causes a person to experience extreme mood swings from elated highs to overwhelming lows), or a related mood disorder, such as major depressive disorder. In addition, recent studies have found that 15-18 percent of teens have experienced a mood episode by age 18.

What does a mood disorder look like in children and adolescents?

Mood disorders are not always easy to diagnose in children and adolescents because symptoms can overlap with other mental health disorders and brain development is still occurring at this age. However, parents and caregivers can look for some symptoms if concerned a child or adolescent may be experiencing a mood disorder:

Full story of mood disorders in children at St. Louis Post-Dispatch

One in Three U.S. Teens Experience Dating Violence, Girls More Likely to Get Physical

One of Three Teens Experience Dating ViolenceResearch presented today at the American Psychological Association convention in Honolulu shows that about one in three U.S. teens ages 14 to 20 have been victims of dating violence, and about the same amount say they’ve committed relationship violence themselves.

A separate study also unveiled at the convention shows that middle school bullies who engage in non-physical taunts, such as name-calling and spreading rumors, are seven times more likely than other children to commit dating violence when they get to high school.

Michele Ybarra, president and research director of the Center for Innovative Public Health Research, led the study that showed the extent of the dating violence problem. Dorothy Espelage, child development chair at the College of Education at the University of Illinois, detailed the findings showing a link between early childhood bullying and teen dating violence.

Full story of teen dating violence at Health Line

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Yoga for kids may help with physical and mental health

Yoga for Kids Helps Physical and Mental HealthMillions of people practice yoga as a way to stay fit or for relaxation. But could it be used as medication?

Nine-year-old Aaron Schaefer spent years battling debilitating migraines caused by stress. But since starting a yoga class, his headaches are gone.

“When I started taking [the class], it was like a cure from heaven,” Schaefer told Ivanhoe.

Researchers at Duke University are studying whether a program that combines yoga and other therapies can help children’s mental and physical health.

“It calms you down. It relaxes your body. It lowers your heart rate. It lowers your respiration and in general it reduces the effects of stress on your body,” Murali Doraiswamy, MD, Professor of Psychiatry at Duke Medicine, told Ivanhoe.

Dr. Doraiswamy says these relaxation responses can help mild depression and sleep disorders. Yoga may also provide additional benefits for people with schizophrenia and ADHD when combined with standard drugs.

Full story of yoga for kids and mental health at WWSB My Suncoast

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Healthy Kids: What to expect when your child is in therapy

What to Expect When Your Child is in TherapyWhen parents decide to take a child to therapy for behavioral or emotional issues for the first time, they may have concerns about their role in the counseling process.

Although every situation is different, the following is a guideline on what parents can expect their involvement to be during the therapeutic process:

Preschool, elementary school • For a young child, a parent’s participation and follow-through is essential. Not only will the behavioral health professional need a report on the child’s behavior between sessions, but it is also important for the participating parent to learn skills to help his or her child succeed in therapy.

In Parent-Child Interaction Therapy, an empirically supported treatment for conduct and emotional disordered young children, parents are just as involved as the child in therapy. During sessions, parents are coached by the therapist and are taught new ways of interacting with their child. The goal is to establish a nurturing and secure relationship while increasing the child’s positive behavior and decreasing negative behavior.

Full story of parenting children in therapy at the St.Louis Post-Dispatch

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Film focuses on family’s struggle with attachment disorder (VIDEO)

Struggle With Reactive Attachment DisorderKellie Boutin is all too familiar with the icy stares of strangers when her grandchildren fly into a rage.

People say she is a terrible grandparent.

That her grandkids are spoiled brats.

That she is mean.

Or worse: that her grandkids are evil.

They’re not evil. They’re broken, said Boutin of Hastings. Damaged in infancy by unknown and unspeakable traumas inflicted by uncaring and incapable mothers and fathers.

They have reactive attachment disorder — RAD — the most severe condition on a spectrum of attachment disorders, said Jane Ryan, Grand Island author, therapist and founder of The Ryan Institute for Family Health Programs.

As the name implies, children with RAD are unable to form normal, loving relationships with others. While some are withdrawn and almost antisocial, more often children and adults with RAD are charming, manipulative, cold, calculating, adorable and volatile.

Full story of reactive attachment disorder at the Journal Star

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